The Programme was established in 1976 as a pilot project and has evolved as follows:
|Pilot project with 6 basic antigens (BCG, Measles, Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus and Polio)
|National Polio Immunization Days
|Hepatitis B vaccine introduced
|Pentavalent vaccine introduced
|Pneumococcal vaccine (PCV)
|Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV)
Pakistan’s Immunization program is in place since 1978. During this time, it has gone through a lot of improvement in vaccine management, vaccine delivery, introducing new vaccines in the program and vaccine coverage.
EPI in Pakistan is coordinated at National level via Federal Directorate of Immunization, Ministry of National Health Services, Regulation and Coordination (NHSR&C). The EPI primarily covers the mothers, infants and children for immunization. The EPI program shall be including vaccines for prevention of vaccine preventable diseases among the adolescents and older age groups as the evidence of vaccines’ effectiveness is acquired and advised by the NITAG. The immunization schedule shall thus be periodically updated as and when required depending upon the local disease burden and requirements.